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Curriculum

Language

Description:
The Language Arts at St. John Lutheran School is taught in the light of God's Word. God gave language as a gift to man so that man might learn to know God better and thereby be able to serve and glorify him.
Language involves two distinct uses, writing and speaking. It is imperative that our school teach language in order that our students be able to serve the purposes of language: to communicate with God, to praise, serve, and adore Him, and to effectively communicate with others in society.
Our students will learn to present ideas by speaking, reading, and writing effectively. The students will learn to use thoughts and words in a God pleasing way. 


Curriculum:
Grades Pre-K
Language
Objectives
 
 

  1. Introduce letters and sounds
  2. Recognize and write their own name
  3. Work in a left to right progression
    1. Realize letters are combined to form words and words are grouped together to form sentences
      1. Know that sentences convey a thought
        1. Know that a sentence begins with a capital letter
        2. Know that a person’s name begins with a capital letter
        3. Know that a sentence ends with a period
        4. Know that a sentence which asks a question ends with a question mark
        5. Know that an apostrophe is used to show possession
        6. Know that quotation marks are put around the words someone says
        7. Be capable of writing a simple sentence
 
 
 
Grades 1-2
Language
Objectives
 
I.  Grammar
            A.  Sentences
                        1.  Be able to speak, identify and write complete sentences
2.  Be able to print correctly and neatly so that others can read your printing.
3.  Be able to identify and use the four different types of sentences
                        4.  Identify the subject and predicate (naming part and telling part)
                        5.  Identify compound subjects and predicates         
  1. Nouns
    1. Be able to identify and write nouns
    2. Write the correct plural form of a noun and use it correctly in a sentence
    3. Identify and use correct capitalization for proper nouns
    4. Write and use singular possessive nouns correctly          
  2. Verbs      
    1. Identify and write action verbs in a sentence
    2. Write the singular and plural present tense correctly
    3. Write the past tense form of verbs correctly by adding –d or –ed
    4. Write contractions with verbs
  3. Pronouns
    1. Identify and use correctly subject and object pronouns
    2. Use I and me correctly in a sentence
    3. Identify and use the correct possessive pronoun
    4. Identify the noun to which a pronoun refers
    5. Combine pronouns and verbs to form contractions
    6. Identify and use the possessive form of a pronoun
    7. Use the correct form of the words their, there, they’re
    8. Use the correct form of the word your and you’re
  4. Adjectives
    1. Identify adjectives and the nouns they describe
    2. Use the correct comparative or superlative form of an adjective
    3. Improve sentences by using adjectives that appeal to our senses
 
  1. Mechanics
    1. Capitalization
      1. Correctly capitalize the first word in a sentence and the word I
      2. Correctly capitalize proper nouns
  2. Correctly capitalize titles of written works, greetings and closings of letters, abbreviations
  3. Correctly capitalize days of the week, months of the year, words used in addresses, states, countries, planets, and titles for people
  4. Punctuation
    1. Use a period to end a declarative and imperative sentence
  5. Use a period with abbreviations and initials
    1. Use a question mark at the end of an interrogative sentence
    2. Use an exclamation mark at the end of an exclamatory sentence
  6. Use commas correctly in dates, separating cities and states, items in a series, after greeting and closing in friendly letters, separating the month and date from the year
    1. Use quotation marks correctly in direct quotations
    2. Use apostrophes correctly in contractions and possessives
    3. Indent all paragraphs
  7. Usage
    1. Identify words that are commonly misused
    2. Use homophones correctly in a sentence       
    3. Use a, an correctly
    4. Name self last
 
Grades 3-5
Language
Objectives:
 
I. Grammar
  1. Sentences
    1. Be able to speak, identify and write complete sentences.
    2. Be able to identify and use the four different types of sentences: Interrogative, Declarative, Imperative & Exclamatory
    3. Be able to distinguish between a sentence & a fragment.
    4. Identify the simple and complete subject & predicate
    5. Identify compound subjects & Predicates
    6. Identify simple and compound sentences
    7. Identify and punctuate run-on sentences correctly
    8. Combine and expand sentences when necessary
    9. Identify sentence parts: Direct object, Indirect object, Predicate Adjective, Predicate Nominative, & Prepositional phrases
 
  1. Nouns
    1. Be able to identify and write nouns in a sentence
    2. Write the correct plural form of a noun and use it correctly in a sentence by adding –s or -es
    3. Recognize the correct way to form the plural forms of special nouns
    4. Identify Common & proper Nouns and use correct capitalization where needed
    5. Write singular possessive nouns correctly and use them correctly in a sentence by adding -‘s
    6. Write plural possessive nouns correctly and use them correctly in a sentence by adding –‘
    7. Recognize the exceptions to the rules in forming singular and plural possessives
 
  1. Verbs
    1. Identify and write action verbs in a sentence
    2. Identify and write helping verbs in a sentence
    3. Write and use the correct tense of the verb
    4. Write the singular and plural present tense correctly by adding –s or –es to most verbs
    5. Recognize the exceptions to the rule and write the present tense of irregular  verbs correctly
    6. Writer the past tense form of verbs correctly by adding –d or –ed to most verbs
    7. Recognize the exceptions to the rule and write the past tense of irregular verbs correctly
    8. Recognize and write correctly the correct form of the verb when using the helping verbs has, have, or had
    9. Write verbs in the future tense
    10. Be introduced to participles, infinitives, and gerunds
    11. Identify the tenses of the forms of be and use them correctly in a sentence
    12. Identify and use linking verbs correctly in a sentence
    13. Identify the word in the predicate that the Linking verb links to the subject
    14. Write contractions with verbs combined with the word not
 
  1. Pronouns
    1. Identify and use correctly subject and object pronouns
    2. Use I and me correctly in a sentence
    3. Identify and use the correct possessive pronoun
    4. Identify the noun to which a pronoun refers
    5. Combine pronouns and verbs to form contractions
    6. Identify and use the possessive form of a pronoun
    7. Use the correct agreement between a pronoun and its antecedent
    8. Use the correct form of the word their, there or they’re
    9. Use the correct form of the word your and you’re
 
  1. Adjectives
    1. Identify adjectives and the nouns they describe
    2. Identify a Predicate Adjective in a sentence
    3. Use the correct comparative or superlative form of an adjective  by adding –er or –est or more & most and less and least
    4. Identify the comparative and superlative forms that change the -y to -i or double the final consonant
    5. Use the special form of bad and good correctly in sentences
    6. Identify and use the correct article in a sentence
    7. Identify Adjectives in a prepositional phrase
    8. Improve sentences by using adjectives that appeal to our senses
 
  1. Adverbs
    1. Identify and use adverbs that end with –ly in a sentence
    2. Identify common adverbs that do not end with -ly
    3. Ask if an adverb tells how, when or where
    4. Use the correct comparative or superlative form of an adverb  by adding –er or –est or more & most and less & least
    5. Use negatives correctly in a sentence and avoid using double negatives
    6. Differentiate between the adjective good and the adverb well
 
  1. Prepositions
    1. Identify and use common prepositions in a sentence
    2. Identify a prepositional phrase
    3. Identify the object of the preposition
    4. Identify the prepositional phrase as either an adjective phrase or adverb phrase
    5. Use the correct form of the word to, too, or two
 
  1. Conjunctions
    1. Identify and use common conjunctions in a sentence
    2. Use conjunctions correctly in a series
    3. Use conjunctions to form a compound sentence
 
  1. Interjections
    1. Identify interjections in a sentence
    2. Punctuate the interjection correctly
 
II. Mechanics
  1. Capitalization
    1. Correctly capitalize the first word in a sentence and the word I
    2. Correctly capitalize proper nouns 
    3. Correctly capitalize titles of written works, greetings and closings of letters, abbreviations, and the first word of a direct quotation.
    4. Correctly capitalize days of the week, months of the year, words used in addresses, states, countries, planets,  and titles for people
 
  1. Punctuation
    1. Use a period to end a declarative and imperative sentence
    2. Use a period with abbreviations and in initials
    3. Use a question mark at the end of an interrogative sentence
    4. Use an exclamation mark at the end of an exclamatory sentence
    5. Use a comma correctly in
      1. Dates
      2. Separating cities and states
      3. Introductory phrases
      4. Nouns of direct address
      5. Appositives
      6. Items in a series
      7. Compound sentences
      8. Quotations
      9. After greeting and closing in friendly letters
      10. Separating the month and date from the year
  2. Use quotation marks correctly in direct quotations and titles of written works
  3. Use italics and underlining  correctly in writing book titles
  4. Use apostrophes correctly in contractions and possessives
  5. Indent all paragraphs
  6. Use a colon after the greeting in a business letter
 
 
III. Usage
  1. Identify words that are commonly misused
  2. Use homophones correctly in a sentence
  3. Use subject and object pronouns correctly
  4. Name self last
  5. Use proper subject – verb agreement
  6. Use a and an correctly
 
IV.  Writing
  1. The Writing Process
  2. Stages of Writing
    1. Prewriting, writing, revising, editing, publishing
    2. Improving word choice
    3. Using editing check lists
  3. Purpose & Audience for writing
  4. Sentence formation and revising
  5. Organizing ideas
    1. Paragraph basics
    2. Main ideas, details & topic sentences
    3. Writing introductions & conclusions
  6. Writing letters
  7. Genres of writing
    1. Stories & narratives
    2. Poetry
    3. Creative writing
 
 
 
Grades 6-8
Language
Objectives
 
I. Grammar:
A. Sentences
1. Identify the four different types of sentences
2. Identify subjects and predicates, both simple and compound
3. Identify and differentiate compound and complex sentences
4. Identify fragments and run-ons and how to correct them
5. Differentiate between coordinating and correlating conjunctions and use them correctly
6. Differentiate between independent and subordinate clauses
 
B. Nouns
1. Identify a noun
2. Classify a noun (singular/plural, concrete/abstract, common/proper)
3. Identify and use appositives
4. Identify, spell, and use possessive nouns
5. Identify collective and compound nouns
 

C. Verbs

1. Correctly identify a verb
2. Correctly classify a verb (tense, person, mood)
3. Differentiate between action and being (helping, linking) verbs
4. Identify transitive and intransitive verbs, and subsequently direct objects
5. List in proper order the four principle parts of any verb
6. Correctly construct any of the six tenses using the four principle parts
7. Understand subject/verb agreement
8. Use, form, and identify progressive forms of verbs
9. Learn about indirect objects in conjunction with direct objects
10. Identify and use predicate nouns and predicate adjectives
11. Differentiate between predicate nouns and direct objects
12. Distinguish between and use active and passive verbs
13. Properly use rise/raise, lie/lay, sit/set, bring/take, let/leave, lend/loan
14. Write sentences using the rules of subject/verb agreement with interrupted and inverted word order
15. Use lie/lay, rise/raise, affect/effect, and accept/except
 
D. Modifiers
1. Correctly identify both adjectives and adverbs
2. Learn what adjectives and adverbs modify
3. Learn to differentiate between adjectives and adverbs
4. Learn about articles, demonstratives, and negatives
5. Learn to compare using adjectives and adverbs

E. Pronouns

1. Use and identify pronouns
2. Identify antecedents
3. Identify and use subject, object, and possessive pronouns
4. Use who, whom, whose, we, us, and indefinite pronouns
5. Use and identify personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, reflexive, and intensive pronouns
6. Correctly identify and use homophones

F. Phrases

1. Identify, use, and classify prepositions and prepositional phrases
2. Properly identify the object(s) of a preposition
3. Distinguish between adverbs and prepositions
4. Use in, into, andof correctly
5. Use idioms correctly and effectively
6. Identify and use prepositional phrases as adjectives and adverbs
7. Correctly place prepositional phrases in sentences
8. Identify, construct, and use participles and participial phrases, gerunds and gerund phrases, and infinitives and infinitive phrases

G. Complex Sentences/Clauses

1. Form complex and compound-complex sentences
2. Combine sentences to form complex and compound-complex sentences
3. Identify and use simple, compound, and complex sentences
4. Identify and use independent and subordinate clauses
5. Identify and use clauses as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns
6. Identify and use essential and nonessential clauses
 
II. Mechanics
A. Capitalization and Punctuation
1. Correct end punctuation for the four types of sentences.
2. Capitalize words correctly with correct usage.
3. Punctuate interjections.
4. Use commas correctly.
5. Combine sentences using correct punctuation.
6. Punctuate abbreviations.
7. Punctuate quotes.
8. Correctly use semicolons and colons.
9. Use apostrophes correctly.
10. Use hyphens, dashes, and parentheses correctly. 

Teacher:
Miss Cassandra Grys





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